Endemics in Family Order

Acanthaceae
Barleria damarensis
Barleria lichtensteiniana
Barleria prionitoides
Barleria rigida
Barleria solitaria
Blepharis mitrata
Monechma desertorum
Petalidium giessii
Petalidium luteo-album

Aizoaceae
Aizoanthemum mossamedense
Aizoon schellenbergii
Aizoon virgatum
Galenia secunda
Lithops gracilidelineata
Lithops ruschiorum var lineata
Opophytum dactylinum
Plinthus karooicus
Psilocaulon dimorphum
Tetragonia arbuscula
Trianthema hereroensis
Trianthema triquetra ssp parvifolia

Amaranthaceae
Arthraerua leubnitziae
Calicorema capitata
Calicorema squarrosa
Leucosphaera bainesii
Salsola aphylla
Sericocoma avolans

Amaryllidaceae
Cryptostephanus densiflorus
Namaquanula bruynsii
Nerine pusilla

Anacardiaceae
Ozoroa namaensis

Apiaceae
Phlyctidocarpa
Phlyctidocarpa flava

Apocynaceae
Adenium boehmianum
Australluma peschii
Baynesia lophophora
Ectadium
Ectadium latifolium
Ectadium rotundifolium
Ectadium virgatum
Gonostemon rubiginosa
Hoodia macrantha
Hoodia montana
Hoodia mossamedensis
Hoodia parviflora
Hoodia pedicellata
Huernia urceolata
Larryleachia sociarum
Lavrania haagnerae
Leachiella sociarum
Orbea maculata ssp kaokoensis
Orthanthera albida
Pachypodium lealii
Pergularia daemia var leiocarpa
Stapelia parvula
Stapelia remota
Sphaerocodon acutifolium
Stigmatorhynchus hereroensis

Aponogetonaceae
Aponogeton azureus

Asteraceae
Berkheya chamaepeuce
Berkheya spinosissima
Blumea gariepina
Dauresia
Dauresia alliariifolia
Dicoma capensis
Engleria africana
Engleria decumbens
Eriocephalus scariosissimus
Foveolina albida
Geigeria acicularis
Geigeria angolensis
Geigeria brachycephala
Geigeria brevifolia
Geigeria englerana
Geigeria hoffmanniana
Geigeria linosyroides
Geigeria mendoncae
Geigeria nianganensis
Geigeria odontoptera
Geigeria otaviensis
Geigeria pectidea
Geigeria pilifera
Geigeria plumosa
Geigeria rigida
Geigeria spinosa
Geigeria vigintisquamea
Helichrysum benguellense Helichrysum cerastioides
Helichrysum gariepinum
Helichrysum roseo-niveum
Helichrysum tomentosulum
Nicolasia heterophylla
Norlindhia aptera
Ondetia
Ondetia linearis
Osteospermum microcarpum
Othonna brandbergensis
Othonna lasiocarpa
Pentatrichia avasmontana
Philyrophyllum brandbergense
Pteronia polygalifolia
Senecio alliariifolius
Senecio flavus
Tripteris angolensis
Tripteris nervosa
Vernonia antunesii
Vernonia baumii
Vernonia brideliifolia
Vernonia limosa
Vernonia pygmaea
Vernonia subplumosa

Bignoniaceae
Rhigozum trichotomum

Boraginaceae
Codon royenii
Trichodesma africanum

Burseraceae
Commiphora anacardiifolia
Commiphora crenato-serrata
Commiphora giessii
Commiphora glaucescens
Commiphora kraeuseliana
Commiphora multijuga
Commiphora oblanceolata
Commiphora saxicola
Commiphora virgata
Commiphora wildii

Cleomaceae
Cleome angustifolia ssp diandra
Cleome oxyphylla
Cleome tenella

Colchicaceae
Hexacyrtis dickiana

Convolvulaceae
Merremia multisecta

Cucurbitaceae
Acanthosicyos horridus
Cucumella aspera
Cucumis rigidus
Cucumis sagittatus
Dactyliandra welwitschii
Momordica humilis
Momordica welwitschii

Didiereaceae
Ceraria carrissoana
Ceraria longipedunculata
Ceraria namaquensis

Ebenaceae
Euclea pseudebenus
Euclea undulata var myrtina

Euphorbiaceae
Chamaesyce glanduligera
Euphorbia avasmontana
Euphorbia eduardoi
Euphorbia gariepina
Euphorbia gregaria
Euphorbia guerichiana
Euphorbia kaokoensis
Euphorbia leistneri
Euphorbia lignosa
Euphorbia monteiri ssp brandbergensis
Euphorbia namaquensis
Euphorbia otjipembana
Euphorbia subsalsa ssp fluvialis
Euphorbia virosa ssp arenicola
Euphorbia volkmanniae

Fabaceae
Acacia montis-usti
Acacia robynsiana
Adenolobis gariepina
Adenolobus pechuelii
Anila alternans
Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa
Indigastrum argyroides
Indigofera auricoma
Indigofera cubensis
Indigofera heterotricha
Parkinsonia africana
Schotia afra
Tephrosia dregeana
Tephrosia monophylla

Geraniaceae
Monsonia ignorata
Monsonia umbellata
Sarcocaulon mossamedense

Lamiaceae
Aeollanthus caudatus
Aeollanthus namibiensis
Plectranthus unguentarius
Stachys burchelliana

Limeaceae
Limeum aethiopicum
Limeum dinteri

Loasaceae
Kissenia capensis

Loranthaceae
Agelanthus discolor
Oncocalyx welwitschii
Phragmanthera guerichii
Tapinanthus mollissimus

Malvaceae
Abutilon pycnodon
Hermannia minutiflora
Hermannia spinosa
Hermannia stricta
Hibiscus elliottiae
Pavonia rehmannii
Radyera urens

Meliaceae
Nymania capensis

Moringaceae
Moringa ovalifolia

Neuradaceae
Grielum sinuatum

Nyctaginaceae
Boerhavia repens
Phaeoptilum spinosum

Orchidaceae
Eulophia speciosa

Pedaliaceae
Pterodiscus aurantiacus
Rogeria longiflora
Sesamothamnus benguellensis
Sesamothamnus guerichii

Phyllanthaceae
Phyllanthus maderaspatensis

Plumbaginaceae
Dyerophytum africanum

Poaceae
Centropodia glauca
Enneapogon scaber
Eragrostis annulata
Eragrostis echinochloidea
Eragrostis porosa
Kaokochloa
Kaokochloa nigrirostris
Panicum arbusculum
Schmidtia kalihariensis
Stipagrostis ciliata
Stipagrostis garubensis
Stipagrostis gonatostachys
Stipagrostis hochstetterana var secalina
Stipagrostis lutescens
Stipagrostis namibensis
Stipagrostis obtusa
Stipagrostis ramulosa
Stipagrostis subacaulis
Stipagrostis uniplumis

Santalaceae
Thesium paniculatum

Scrophulariaceae
Anticharis inflata
Peliostomum leucorrhizum var leucorrhizum
Sutera maxii
Sutera sessilifolia
Sutera tomentosa

Solanaceae
Lycium prunus-spinosa
Solanum burchellii

Tamaricaceae
Tamarix usneoides

Tecophilaeaceae
Cyanella amboensis

Urticaceae
Forsskaolea candida
Obetia carruthersiana

Verbenaceae
Chascanum gariepina
Lantana dinteri
Plexipus garipensis

Vitaceae
Cissus dinteri
Cyphostemma currorii
Cyphostemma juttae
Cyphostemma omburense
Cyphostemma ruacanense
Cyphostemma uter

Welwitschiaceae
Welwitschia
Welwitschia mirabilis

Xanthorrhoeaceae
Aloe corallina
Aloe dewinteri
Aloe dichotoma
Aloe dinteri
Trachyandra involucrata

Zygophyllaceae
Zygophyllum dregeanum
Zygophyllum microcarpum
Zygophyllum pubescens
Zygophyllum simplex


Endemics in Alphabetical Order

Abutilon pycnodon
Acacia montis-usti
Acacia robynsiana
Acanthosicyos horridus
Adenium boehmianum
Adenolobis gariepina
Adenolobus pechuelii
Aeollanthus caudatus
Aeollanthus namibiensis
Agelanthus discolor
Aizoanthemum mossamedense
Aizoon schellenbergii
Aizoon virgatum
Aloe corallina
Aloe dewinteri
Aloe dichotoma
Aloe dinteri
Anila alternans
Anticharis inflata
Aponogeton azureus
Arthraerua leubnitziae
Australluma peschii
Barleria damarensis
Barleria lichtensteiniana
Barleria prionitoides
Barleria rigida
Barleria solitaria
Baynesia lophophora
Berkheya chamaepeuce
Berkheya spinosissima
Blepharis mitrata
Blumea gariepina
Boerhavia repens
Calicorema capitata
Calicorema squarrosa
Centropodia glauca
Ceraria carrissoana
Ceraria longipedunculata
Ceraria namaquensis
Chamaesyce glanduligera
Chascanum gariepina
Cissus dinteri
Cleome angustifolia ssp diandra
Cleome oxyphylla
Cleome tenella
Codon royenii
Commiphora anacardiifolia
Commiphora crenato-serrata
Commiphora giessii
Commiphora glaucescens
Commiphora kraeuseliana
Commiphora multijuga
Commiphora oblanceolata
Commiphora saxicola
Commiphora virgata
Commiphora wildii
Cryptostephanus densiflorus
Cucumella aspera
Cucumis rigidus
Cucumis sagittatus
Cyanella amboensis
Cyphostemma currorii
Cyphostemma juttae
Cyphostemma omburense
Cyphostemma ruacanense
Cyphostemma uter
Dactyliandra welwitschii
Dauresia
Dauresia alliariifolia
Dicoma capensis
Dyerophytum africanum
Ectadium
Ectadium latifolium
Ectadium rotundifolium
Ectadium virgatum
Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa
Engleria africana
Engleria decumbens
Enneapogon scaber
Eragrostis annulata
Eragrostis echinochloidea
Eragrostis porosa
Eriocephalus scariosissimus
Euclea pseudebenus
Euclea undulata var myrtina
Eulophia speciosa
Euphorbia avasmontana
Euphorbia eduardoi
Euphorbia gariepina
Euphorbia gregaria
Euphorbia guerichiana
Euphorbia kaokoensis
Euphorbia leistneri
Euphorbia lignosa
Euphorbia monteiri ssp brandbergensis
Euphorbia namaquensis
Euphorbia otjipembana
Euphorbia subsalsa ssp fluvialis
Euphorbia virosa ssp arenicola
Euphorbia volkmanniae
Forsskaolea candida
Foveolina albida
Galenia secunda
Geigeria acicularis
Geigeria angolensis
Geigeria brachycephala
Geigeria brevifolia
Geigeria englerana
Geigeria hoffmanniana
Geigeria linosyroides
Geigeria mendoncae
Geigeria nianganensis
Geigeria odontoptera
Geigeria otaviensis
Geigeria pectidea
Geigeria pilifera
Geigeria plumosa
Geigeria rigida
Geigeria spinosa
Geigeria vigintisquamea
Gonostemon rubiginosa
Grielum sinuatum
Helichrysum benguellense
Helichrysum cerastioides
Helichrysum gariepinum
Helichrysum roseo-niveum
Helichrysum tomentosulum
Hermannia minutiflora
Hermannia spinosa
Hermannia stricta
Hexacyrtis dickiana
Hibiscus elliottiae
Hoodia macrantha
Hoodia montana
Hoodia mossamedensis
Hoodia parviflora
Hoodia pedicellata
Huernia urceolata
Indigastrum argyroides
Indigofera auricoma
Indigofera cubensis
Indigofera heterotricha
Kaokochloa
Kaokochloa nigrirostris
Kissenia capensis
Lantana dinteri
Larryleachia sociarum
Lavrania haagnerae
Leachiella sociarum
Leucosphaera bainesii
Limeum aethiopicum
Limeum dinteri
Lithops gracilidelineata
Lithops ruschiorum var lineata
Lycium prunus-spinosa
Merremia multisecta
Momordica humilis
Momordica welwitschii
Monechma desertorum
Monsonia ignorata
Monsonia umbellata
Moringa ovalifolia
Namaquanula bruynsii
Nerine pusilla
Nicolasia heterophylla
Norlindhia aptera
Nymania capensis
Obetia carruthersiana
Oncocalyx welwitschii
Ondetia
Ondetia linearis
Opophytum dactylinum
Orbea maculata ssp kaokoensis
Orthanthera albida
Osteospermum microcarpum
Othonna brandbergensis
Othonna lasiocarpa
Ozoroa namaensis
Pachypodium lealii
Panicum arbusculum
Parkinsonia africana
Pavonia rehmannii
Peliostomum leucorrhizum var leucorrhizum
Pentatrichia avasmontana
Pergularia daemia var leiocarpa
Petalidium giessii
Petalidium luteo-album
Phaeoptilum spinosum
Philyrophyllum brandbergense
Phlyctidocarpa
Phlyctidocarpa flava
Phragmanthera guerichii
Phyllanthus maderaspatensis
Plectranthus unguentarius
Plexipus garipensis
Plinthus karooicus
Psilocaulon dimorphum
Pterodiscus aurantiacus
Pteronia polygalifolia
Radyera urens
Rhigozum trichotomum
Rogeria longiflora
Salsola aphylla
Sarcocaulon mossamedense
Schmidtia kalihariensis
Schotia afra
Senecio alliariifolius
Senecio flavus
Sericocoma avolans
Sesamothamnus benguellensis
Sesamothamnus guerichii
Solanum burchellii
Sphaerocodon acutifolium
Stachys burchelliana
Stapelia parvula
Stapelia remota
Stigmatorhynchus hereroensis
Stipagrostis ciliata
Stipagrostis garubensis
Stipagrostis gonatostachys
Stipagrostis hochstetterana var secalina
Stipagrostis lutescens
Stipagrostis namibensis
Stipagrostis obtusa
Stipagrostis ramulosa
Stipagrostis subacaulis
Stipagrostis uniplumis
Sutera maxii
Sutera sessilifolia
Sutera tomentosa
Tamarix usneoides
Tapinanthus mollissimus
Tephrosia dregeana
Tephrosia monophylla
Tetragonia arbuscula
Thesium paniculatum
Trachyandra involucrata
Trianthema hereroensis
Trianthema triquetra ssp parvifolia
Trichodesma africanum
Tripteris angolensis
Tripteris nervosa
Vernonia antunesii
Vernonia baumii
Vernonia brideliifolia
Vernonia limosa
Vernonia pygmaea
Vernonia subplumosa
Welwitschia
Welwitschia mirabilis
Zygophyllum dregeanum
Zygophyllum microcarpum
Zygophyllum pubescens
Zygophyllum simplex


Summary

Included here is the Namib Desert in southern Africa. It represents an extremely arid coastal strip roughly extending from Benguela south to the mouth of the Orange River just south of Alexander Bay.

Of the endemic and near endemic vascular plants so far recorded there are about 249 species in 139 genera and 46 families. There are 6 endemic genera (marked red) and 1 near endemic family (Welwitschiaceae). However, the family Didiereaceae is mainly confined to Madagascar.

References

Born, J., Linder, H. P. & Desmet, P. 2007. The Greater Cape Floristic Region. Journal of Biogeography, 34: 147-162.

Burk, A. 1998. Floristic affinities of an inselberg archipelago in the southern Namib desert. Journal of Biogeography, 25: 311-317.

Jacobsen, N. H. G. & Moss, H. 1987. A contribution to the flora of the northern Namib. Dinteria, 19: 27-68.

Kolberg, H., Giess, W., Müller, M. A. N. & Strohbach, B. 1992. Namibian Plant Species. Dinteria, 22: 1-121.

Maggs, G. L., Craven, P. & Kolberg, H. H. 1998. Plant species richness, endemism, and genetic resources in Namibia. Biodiversity and Conservation, 7: 435-446.

Simmons, R. E., Griffin, M., Griffin, R. E., Marais, E. & Kolberg, H. 1998. Endemism in Namibia: patterns, processes and predictions. Biodiversity and Conservation, 7: 513-530.

Werger, M. J. A. 1978. The Karoo-Namib Region. In: Biogeography and Ecology of southern Africa. Ed. M. J. A. Werger. Dr W Junk Publishers. The Hague.

Williamson, G. 1997. Preliminary account of the Floristic Zones of the Sperrgetbiet (Protected Diamond Area) in southwest Namibia. Dinteria, 25: 1-68.

Wyk, A. E. van, Smith, G. F. 2001. Regions of Floristic Endemism in Southern Africa. A Review with Emphasis on Succulents. Umdaus Press.