Endemics in Family Order

Acanthaceae
Andrographis lineata
Andrographis nallamalayana
Barleria acuminata
Barleria buxifolia
Barleria courtallica
Barleria cuspidata
Barleria tomentosa
Barleriosiphon longiflorus
Diapedium cuneatum
Dicliptera parvibracteata
Dyschoriste vagans
Ecbolium nilgerrhense
Hemigraphis urens
Justicia diffusa
Justicia vahlii
Lepidagathis subarmata
Nilgirianthus foliosus
Nilgirianthus lupulinus
Phlebophyllum jeyporensis
Phlebophyllum kunthianum
Phlebophyllum versicolor
Stenosiphonium
Stenosiphonium confertum
Stenosiphonium russelianum
Stenosphonium parviflorum
Xenacanthus pulneyensis

Amaranthaceae
Psilotrichum nudum

Anacardiaceae
Nothopegia heyneana
Terminthia paniculata

Annonaceae
Alphonsea madraspatana
Goniothalamus cardiopetalus
Miliusa eriocarpa

Apiaceae
Bupleurum andhricum
Ceropegia candelabrum
Ceropegia juncea
Ceropegia spiralis
Pimpinella candolleana

Apocynaceae
Brachystelma ciliatum
Brachystelma glabrum
Brachystelma volubile
Caralluma lasiantha
Caralluma stalagmifera
Carissa spinarum
Decalepsis
Decalepis hamiltonii
Desmidorchis dalzellii
Oianthus
Oianthus beddomei
Oianthus deccanensis
Oianthus disciflorus
Oianthus urceolatus
Streptocaulon kleinii
Tylophora rotundifolia

Araceae
Cryptocoryne unilocularis

Arecaceae
Phoenix robusta

Asclepiadaceae
Sarcostemma intermedium
Seshagiria sahyadrica
Utleria
Utleria salicifolia

Asparagaceae
Ornithogalum ursulae
Ornithogalum ursulae var. longiracemosum
Protasparagus jacquemontii
Protasparagus rottleri

Asteraceae
Anaphalis aristata
Anaphalis lawii
Anaphalis wightiana
Clausena austro
Goniocaulon
Goniocaulon indicum
Kleinia balsamica
Kleinia grandiflora
Rotala fimbriata
Senecio candicans
Senecio madrasensis
Tricholepis radicans

Balanophoraceae
Balanophora fungosa subsp. indica

Balsaminaceae
Impatiens minor

Bignoniaceae
Dolichandrone arcuata
Dolichandrone atrovirens
Dolichandrone falcata

Boraginaceae
Cordia domestica var. evolutior
Cordia myxa var. domestica

Burseraceae
Boswellia ovalifoliolata

Capparaceae
Capparis divaricata
Capparis zeylanica
Maerua apetala

Caprifoliaceae
Lonicera leschenaultii

Celastraceae
Maytenus bailadillana
Maytenus puberula
Salacia brunoniana

Combretaceae
Terminalia pallida

Commelinaceae
Amischophacelus cucullata

Convolvulaceae
Argyreia boseana
Argyreia cuneata

Crassulaceae
Kalanchoe cherukondensis

Cycadaceae
Cycas circinalis var. beddomei

Cyperaceae
Bulbostylis subspinescens
Cyperus malabaricus
Fimbristylis albicans
Fimbristylis eligulata

Dilleniaceae
Dillenia bracteata

Dipterocarpaceae
Shorea roxburghii
Shorea tumbuggaia

Dioscoreaceae
Dioscorea kalkapershadii

Ebenaceae
Diospyros chloroxylon

Eriocaulaceae
Eriocaulon conicum

Euphorbiaceae
Chamaesyce corrigioloides
Chamaesyce katrajensis
Chamaesyce senguptae
Croton evolutior
Dimorphocalyx kurnoolensis
Euphorbia deccanensis var nallamalayana
Jatropha heynei
Jatropha tanjorensis
Jatropha villosa
Lasiococca comberi
Mallotus resinosus var. stenanthus
Oxydectes scabiosa
Suregada lanceolata
Trewia nudiflora var. polycarpa

Fabaceae
Acacia donaldi
Acacia latronum
Albizia thompsonii
Amerimnon rubiginosum
Cajanus cajanifolius
Cajanus sericeus
Crotalaria albida var. epunctata
Crotalaria madurensis var kumoolica
Crotalaria medicaginea var. rigida
Crotalaria pulchra
Crotalaria salicifolia
Crotalaria speciosa
Crotalaria willdenowiana subsp. willdenowiana
Dalbergia horrida var. concanensis
Emerus procumbens
Hardwickia binata
Indigofera aspalathoides
Indigofera deccanensis
Pterolobium hexapetalum
Pterocarpus santalinus
Rhynchosia filipes
Sophora interrupta
Tephrosia roxburghiana

Gentianaceae
Swertia corymbosa

Gesneriaceae
Jerdonia
Jerdonia indica

Lamiaceae
Anisochilus scaber
Anuragia griffithii
Isodon wightii
Leucas diffusa
Leucas hirta
Leucas lanceaefolia
Leucas nepetaefolia
Ocimum tenuiflorum
Plectranthus deccanicus
Pogostemon deccanensis
Pogostemon myosuroides
Scutellaria colebrookiana
Scutellaria wightiana
Vitex altissima

Lauraceae
Actinodaphne madra
Actinodaphne madraspatana

Linderniaceae
Bonnaya oppositifolia

Loranthaceae
Helicanthes
Helicanthes elasticus
Taxillus heyneanus

Malpighiaceae
Aspidopterys tomentosa var. hutchinsonii

Malvaceae
Abutilon neelgherrense
Decaschistia crotonifolia
Decaschistia cuddapahensis
Decaschistia rufa
Erinocarpus
Erinocarpus nimmonii
Eriolaena lushingtonii
Grewia barberi
Grewia rhamnifolia
Hildegardia populifolia

Melastomataceae
Memecylon lushingtonii
Memecylon molestum
Osbeckia stellata
Osbeckia zeylandica

Meliaceae
Aglaia elaeagnoidea var. beddomei
Aglaia elaeagnoidea var. courtallensis
Aglaia haslettiana

Molluginaceae
Mollugo disticha

Musaceae
Ensete superbum

Myrtaceae
Syzygium alternifolium

Ochnaceae
Ochna oblusala var gamblei

Oleaceae
Chionanthus mala-elengi
Jasminium angustifolium
Jasminum angustifolium var. sessiliflorum
Jasminum calophyllum
Jasminum trichotomum
Ligustrum decaisnei var. decaisnei
Ligustrum decaisnei var. microphylla

Orchidaceae
Aerides maculosa
Brachycorythis iantha
Bulbophyllum mysorense
Callista herbacea
Callista heyneana
Diplocentrum congestum
Eulophia cullenii
Graphorkis ochreata
Habenaria grandifloriformis
Habenaria malleifera var. hollandiana
Habenaria panigrahiana
Habenaria roxburghii
Luisia abrahamii
Luisia pulniana
Spathoglottis malabarica
Vanda wightii

Phyllanthaceae
Bridelia cinerascens
Bridelia crenulata
Glochidion bourdillonii
Phyllanthus indotischeri
Phyllanthus narayanswamii

Piperaceae
Peperomia blanda
Piper trichostachyon

Poaceae
Andropogon polyptychos var. deccanensis
Arundinella leptochloa
Arundinella nervosa
Arundinella tuberculata
Bambusa bambos
Bambusa polymorpha
Chrysopogon hackelii
Chrysopogon orientalis
Chrysopogon verticillatus
Cymbopogon coloratus
Cynodon barberi
Dichanthium filiculmi
Dichanthium maccannii
Digitaria duthieana
Dimeria orissae
Eragrostis deccanensis
Garnotia arborum
Garnotia elata
Glyphochloa accuminata var acuminata
Glyphochloa accuminata var. stocksii
Glyphochloa forficulata
Heteropogon contortus var. polystachyos
Isachne gracilis
Ischaemum pilosum
Iseilema venkateshwarlui
Lophopogon tridentatus
Manisuris clarkei
Manisuris myuros
Oropetium roxburghianus
Panicum deccanense
Pseudanthistiria heteroclita
Themeda mooneyi
Themeda saxicola
Tripogon jacquemontii
Tripogon wightii
Vetiveria lawsonii

Podostemaceae
Hydrobryopsis sessilis
Willisia
Willisia selaginoides
Zeylanidium barberi

Polygalaceae
Polygala jacobii

Ranunculaceae
Thalictrum dalzelli
Thalictrum obovatum

Rhamnaceae
Ziziphus horrida

Rubiaceae
Deccania pubescens
Deccania pubescens var. candolleana
Dentillaria wightiana
Hedyotis graminifolia var. shuteri
Mussaenda tomentosa
Neanotis monosperma
Nonatelia truncata
Ophiorrhiza hirsutula
Plectronia parviflora
Wendlandia angustifolia
Wendlandia gamblei

Rutaceae
Atalantia racemosa
Chloroxylon faho

Salvadoraceae
Azima tetracantha

Santalaceae
Santalum album
Viscum trilobatum

Sapotaceae
Isonandra villosa
Madhuca longifolia

Solanaceae
Meyenia
Meyenia tomentosa

Vitaceae
Tetrastigma sulcatum

Zingiberaceae
Zingiber roseum


Endemics in Alphabetical Order

Abutilon neelgherrense
Acacia donaldi
Acacia latronum
Actinodaphne madra
Actinodaphne madraspatana
Aerides maculosa
Aglaia elaeagnoidea var. beddomei
Aglaia elaeagnoidea var. courtallensis
Aglaia haslettiana
Albizia thompsonii
Alphonsea madraspatana
Amerimnon rubiginosum
Amischophacelus cucullata
Anaphalis aristata
Anaphalis lawii
Anaphalis wightiana
Andrographis lineata
Andrographis nallamalayana
Andropogon polyptychos var. deccanensis
Anisochilus scaber
Anuragia griffithii
Argyreia boseana
Argyreia cuneata
Arundinella leptochloa
Arundinella nervosa
Arundinella tuberculata
Aspidopterys tomentosa var. hutchinsonii
Atalantia racemosa
Azima tetracantha
Balanophora fungosa subsp. indica
Bambusa bambos
Bambusa polymorpha
Barleria acuminata
Barleria buxifolia
Barleria courtallica
Barleria cuspidata
Barleria tomentosa
Barleriosiphon longiflorus
Bonnaya oppositifolia
Boswellia ovalifoliolata
Brachycorythis iantha
Brachystelma ciliatum
Brachystelma glabrum
Brachystelma volubile
Bridelia cinerascens
Bridelia crenulata
Bulbophyllum mysorense
Bulbostylis subspinescens
Bupleurum andhricum
Cajanus cajanifolius
Cajanus sericeus
Callista herbacea
Callista heyneana
Capparis divaricata
Capparis zeylanica
Caralluma lasiantha
Caralluma stalagmifera
Carissa spinarum
Ceropegia candelabrum
Ceropegia juncea
Ceropegia spiralis
Chamaesyce corrigioloides
Chamaesyce katrajensis
Chamaesyce senguptae
Chionanthus mala-elengi
Chloroxylon faho
Chrysopogon hackelii
Chrysopogon orientalis
Chrysopogon verticillatus
Clausena austro
Cordia domestica var. evolutior
Cordia myxa var. domestica
Crotalaria albida var. epunctata
Crotalaria madurensis var kumoolica
Crotalaria medicaginea var. rigida
Crotalaria pulchra
Crotalaria salicifolia
Crotalaria speciosa
Crotalaria willdenowiana subsp. willdenowiana
Croton evolutior
Cryptocoryne unilocularis
Cycas circinalis var. beddomei
Cymbopogon coloratus
Cynodon barberi
Cyperus malabaricus
Dalbergia horrida var. concanensis
Decalepsis
Decalepis hamiltonii
Decaschistia crotonifolia
Decaschistia cuddapahensis
Decaschistia rufa
Deccania pubescens
Deccania pubescens var. candolleana
Dentillaria wightiana
Desmidorchis dalzellii
Diapedium cuneatum
Dichanthium filiculmi
Dichanthium maccannii
Dicliptera parvibracteata
Digitaria duthieana
Dillenia bracteata
Dimeria orissae
Dimorphocalyx kurnoolensis
Dioscorea kalkapershadii
Diospyros chloroxylon
Diplocentrum congestum
Dolichandrone arcuata
Dolichandrone atrovirens
Dolichandrone falcata
Dyschoriste vagans
Ecbolium nilgerrhense
Emerus procumbens
Ensete superbum
Eragrostis deccanensis
Erinocarpus
Erinocarpus nimmonii
Eriocaulon conicum
Eriolaena lushingtonii
Eulophia cullenii
Euphorbia deccanensis var nallamalayana
Fimbristylis albicans
Fimbristylis eligulata
Garnotia arborum
Garnotia elata
Glochidion bourdillonii
Glyphochloa accuminata var acuminata
Glyphochloa accuminata var. stocksii
Glyphochloa forficulata
Goniocaulon
Goniocaulon indicum
Goniothalamus cardiopetalus
Graphorkis ochreata
Grewia barberi
Grewia rhamnifolia
Habenaria grandifloriformis
Habenaria malleifera var. hollandiana
Habenaria panigrahiana
Habenaria roxburghii
Hardwickia binata
Hedyotis graminifolia var. shuteri
Helicanthes
Helicanthes elasticus
Hemigraphis urens
Heteropogon contortus var. polystachyos
Hildegardia populifolia
Hydrobryopsis sessilis
Impatiens minor
Indigofera aspalathoides
Indigofera deccanensis
Isachne gracilis
Ischaemum pilosum
Iseilema venkateshwarlui
Isodon wightii
Isonandra villosa
Jasminium angustifolium
Jasminum angustifolium var. sessiliflorum
Jasminum calophyllum
Jasminum trichotomum
Jatropha heynei
Jatropha tanjorensis
Jatropha villosa
Jerdonia
Jerdonia indica
Justicia diffusa
Justicia vahlii
Kalanchoe cherukondensis
Kleinia balsamica
Kleinia grandiflora
Lasiococca comberi
Lepidagathis subarmata
Leucas diffusa
Leucas hirta
Leucas lanceaefolia
Leucas nepetaefolia
Ligustrum decaisnei var. decaisnei
Ligustrum decaisnei var. microphylla
Lonicera leschenaultii
Lophopogon tridentatus
Luisia abrahamii
Luisia pulniana
Madhuca longifolia
Maerua apetala
Mallotus resinosus var. stenanthus
Manisuris clarkei
Manisuris myuros
Maytenus bailadillana
Maytenus puberula
Memecylon lushingtonii
Memecylon molestum
Meyenia
Meyenia tomentosa
Miliusa eriocarpa
Mollugo disticha
Mussaenda tomentosa
Neanotis monosperma
Nilgirianthus foliosus
Nilgirianthus lupulinus
Nonatelia truncata
Nothopegia heyneana
Ochna oblusala var gamblei
Ocimum tenuiflorum
Oianthus
Oianthus beddomei
Oianthus deccanensis
Oianthus disciflorus
Oianthus urceolatus
Ophiorrhiza hirsutula
Ornithogalum ursulae
Ornithogalum ursulae var. longiracemosum
Oropetium roxburghianus
Osbeckia stellata
Osbeckia zeylandica
Oxydectes scabiosa
Panicum deccanense
Peperomia blanda
Phlebophyllum jeyporensis
Phlebophyllum kunthianum
Phlebophyllum versicolor
Phoenix robusta
Phyllanthus indotischeri
Phyllanthus narayanswamii
Pimpinella candolleana
Piper trichostachyon
Plectranthus deccanicus
Plectronia parviflora
Pogostemon deccanensis
Pogostemon myosuroides
Polygala jacobii
Protasparagus jacquemontii
Protasparagus rottleri
Pseudanthistiria heteroclita
Psilotrichum nudum
Pterocarpus santalinus
Pterolobium hexapetalum
Rhynchosia filipes
Rotala fimbriata
Salacia brunoniana
Santalum album
Sarcostemma intermedium
Scutellaria colebrookiana
Scutellaria wightiana
Senecio candicans
Senecio madrasensis
Seshagiria sahyadrica
Shorea roxburghii
Shorea tumbuggaia
Sophora interrupta
Spathoglottis malabarica
Stenosiphonium
Stenosiphonium confertum
Stenosiphonium russelianum
Stenosphonium parviflorum
Streptocaulon kleinii
Suregada lanceolata
Swertia corymbosa
Syzygium alternifolium
Taxillus heyneanus
Tephrosia roxburghiana
Terminalia pallida
Terminthia paniculata
Tetrastigma sulcatum
Thalictrum dalzelli
Thalictrum obovatum
Themeda mooneyi
Themeda saxicola
Trewia nudiflora var. polycarpa
Tricholepis radicans
Tripogon jacquemontii
Tripogon wightii
Tylophora rotundifolia
Utleria
Utleria salicifolia
Vanda wightii
Vetiveria lawsonii
Viscum trilobatum
Vitex altissima
Wendlandia angustifolia
Wendlandia gamblei
Willisia
Willisia selaginoides
Xenacanthus pulneyensis
Zeylanidium barberi
Zingiber roseum
Ziziphus horrida


Summary

Included here is all Peninsula India east of the Malabar Coast and south of the Indo-Gangetic Plain.

Of the endemic and near endemic vascular plants so far recorded there are about 274 species in 187 genera and 63 families. There are 10 endemic genera (marked red) but no endemic families. However this list is unlikely to be exhaustive.

References

Almeida, S. M. & Almeida, M. R. 1990. Threatened Endemic Plants from Maharahstra. In: Conservation in Developing Countries: problems and prospects. Eds. J.C. Daniel and J. S. Serrao. Proceedings of the Centenary Seminar of the Natural History Society. Bombay Natural History Society. Oxford University Press.

Behera, S. K. & Misra, M. K. 2006. Floristic and structure of the herbaceous vegetation of four recovering forest stands in the Eastern Ghats of India. Biodiversity and Conservation, 15: 2263-2285.

Campbell, D. G. & Hammond, H. D. 1989. Floristic Inventory of Tropical Countries. The New York Botanical Garden.

Gadgil, M. & Meher-Homji, V. M. 1990. Ecological Diversity. In: Conservation in Developing Countries: problems and prospects. Eds. J.C. Daniel and J. S. Serrao. Proceedings of the Centenary Seminar of the Natural History Society. Bombay Natural History Society. Oxford University Press.

Kadavul, K & Parthasarathy, N. 1999. Plant biodiversity and conservation of the tropical semi-evergreen forest in the Shervarayan hills of Eastern Ghats, India. Biodiversity and Conservation, 8: 421-439.

Mani, M. S. 1974. The vegetation and phytogeography of the Eastern Ghats. In: Ecology and Biogeography in India. Ed. M. S. Mani, 178-196. Dr W. Junk B. V. Publishers The Hague.

Nayar, M. P. 1996. “Hot Spots” of endemic plants of India, Nepal and Bhutan. Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute. Palode, Thiruvananthapuram.

Parthasarathy, N.& Karthikeyan, R. 1997. Plant biodiversity inventory and conservation of two tropical dry evergreen forests on the Coromandel Coast, south India. Biodiveristy and Conservation, 6: 1063-1083.

Puri, G. S., Gupta, R. K., Meher-Homji, V. M. & Puri, S. 1989. Forest Ecology. Plant form, diversity, communities and succession. 2nd Edition. Volume 2. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. Ltd.

Ramanujam, M. P. & Kadamban, D. 2001. Plant biodiversity of two tropical dry evergreen forests in the Pondicherry region of South India and the role of belief systems in their conservation. Biodiversity and Conservation, 10: 1203-1217.

Swamy, P. S., Sundarapandian, S. M., Chandrasekar, P. & Chandrasekaran, S. 2000. Plant species diversity and tree population structure of a humid tropical forest in Tamil Nadu, India. Biodiversity and Conservation, 9: 1643-1669.